|Posted by LEKokko on January 13, 2018 at 1:05 PM|
I am jumping out of my planned schedule. Monday is Martin Luther King JR day.
Dr. Martin Luther Kink, JR was born on January 15, 1929, as Micheal Luther King. He legally changed his name to Martin. His grandfather started the family calling as pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. Martin was a man of high intellect, earning his doctorate in 1953 from Boston University.
It was while at Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, artistic and intelligent women.
In 1954, he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. It was here he rose as an executive member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1955, he organized and led the first non-violent boycott of African-Americans ever. At this time, blacks and white rode busses segregated. The boycott lasted 382 days until The Supreme Court ruled the practice as unconstitutional.
Then in 1957, he was elected president of the South Christian Leadership Conference, organized to lead the civil rights movement, which was growing. He established the organization on Christian ideals and its non-violent practices from Gandhi, the leader in India. During his tenure as president, he traveled over six million miles and spoke more than twenty-five hundred times.
The most massive civil rights event occurred in Birmingham, Alabama. The non-violent protest was to allow blacks the right to vote. He led a march on Washington, D.C. On his way, he was arrested. And like the Apostles of old, wrote a letter from jail, the famous Letter from a Birmingham Jail. In Washington, he gave his I Have A Dream Speech.
Time magazine named him Man of the Year, in 1963. He was the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He donated the award money ($54,123), to the civil rights cause.
Tragically, he was assassinated on April 4, 1968, as he stood on a balcony in Memphis, Tennessee.
Categories: History Blog