|Posted by LEKokko on January 23, 2018 at 11:05 AM||comments (3)|
England’s quest for a Northwest route
When Queen Elizabeth I was crowned in 1558, she aggressively sought a Northwest route to India and China. It was thought such a route would lie via the Artic. Many tried and failed.
Then in 1609, The Dutch hired Englishman Henry Hudson to try. Hudson traveled up the bay and river which carry his name today. However, no route existed. He then attempted the Artic route. But he disappeared when his crew mutinied during a harsh winter.
Queen Elizabeth, wanting to establishing colonies in the New World, sent Sire Walter Raleigh and Sir Francis Drake in 1585. A year later one was founded on Roanoke a small island off the coast of North Carolina. Delays by bad weather, piracy, and the time attacking Spanish ships led to not returning to the settlement until 1590. All the people had seemingly disappeared.
The mystery surrounding the settler’s disappearance lingers today. The only clue was the word Croatoan, carved into the trunk of a tree.
|Posted by LEKokko on January 21, 2018 at 3:55 PM||comments (0)|
The next page in American history came in the 1500’s. What Columbus achieved spread throughout Europe, igniting many to imitate him. One such man was Amerigo Vespucci whose first name inspired our name.
Spain funded the Conquistadors (Conquerors), led by Hernan Cortez and Francisco Pizarro. These violent men sweep through Central and South America, as well as Cuba, Mexico, and Florida. They murdered, enslaved, and worked to death all who they encountered.
In 1562 a small colony of French settled in Florida. Spain ordered their annihilation.
During the 17th Century, Spain’s control weakened due to The Thirty Years War. Settlers. Finding themselves free from Spain’s cultural influences, a new identity surfaced; the Creole. The eighteenth century saw Spanish settlements in California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
Next time we will turn our attentions to the British.
|Posted by LEKokko on January 13, 2018 at 1:05 PM||comments (1)|
I am jumping out of my planned schedule. Monday is Martin Luther King JR day.
Dr. Martin Luther Kink, JR was born on January 15, 1929, as Micheal Luther King. He legally changed his name to Martin. His grandfather started the family calling as pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. Martin was a man of high intellect, earning his doctorate in 1953 from Boston University.
It was while at Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, artistic and intelligent women.
In 1954, he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. It was here he rose as an executive member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1955, he organized and led the first non-violent boycott of African-Americans ever. At this time, blacks and white rode busses segregated. The boycott lasted 382 days until The Supreme Court ruled the practice as unconstitutional.
Then in 1957, he was elected president of the South Christian Leadership Conference, organized to lead the civil rights movement, which was growing. He established the organization on Christian ideals and its non-violent practices from Gandhi, the leader in India. During his tenure as president, he traveled over six million miles and spoke more than twenty-five hundred times.
The most massive civil rights event occurred in Birmingham, Alabama. The non-violent protest was to allow blacks the right to vote. He led a march on Washington, D.C. On his way, he was arrested. And like the Apostles of old, wrote a letter from jail, the famous Letter from a Birmingham Jail. In Washington, he gave his I Have A Dream Speech.
Time magazine named him Man of the Year, in 1963. He was the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He donated the award money ($54,123), to the civil rights cause.
Tragically, he was assassinated on April 4, 1968, as he stood on a balcony in Memphis, Tennessee.
|Posted by LEKokko on January 12, 2018 at 12:45 AM||comments (0)|
Welcome, history buffs. To start this series of blog posts, I will be using American History in Bite-sized Chunks by Alison Rattle and Allison Vale, published by Metro Books in 2017. This book will be used as a launching pad for more profound facts. In American History, the period from the Columbus to Watergate is examined.
As a special treat, when we get to Lewis and Clark, I will have a special guest blogger who has extensive knowledge in this critical period in America’s growth.
So, with the preliminaries out of the way, let’s get started.
Christopher Columbus, an Italian, sailed to find a new, faster route to Asia and the spices, funded by Queen Isabella of Spain. Contrary to popular belief, Columbus did not discover America. Millions of people already populated the country.
Columbus made a total of four trips, never finding the spices or wealth he hoped.His expeditions had positive and negative consequences. On the plus side, the introduction of horses helped the natives to become hunters instead of being nomads. However, on the negative column, the Europeans brought with them disease resulting in a significant loss of native life.
This has been very short. Does anyone have additional information concerning Columbus?
A&E Television Networks, Biography: https://www.biography.com/people/christopher-columbus-9254209," target="_blank">https://www.biography.com/people/christopher-columbus-9254209, August 1, 2017.
History.com Staff, http://www.history.com/topics/exploration/christopher-columbus, 2009